- Learning and memory are closely related concepts.
- Learning is the acquisition of skill or knowledge, while memory is the expression of what you’ve acquired.
- Another difference is the speed with which the two things happen. If you acquire the new skill or knowledge slowly and laboriously, that’s learning. If acquisition occurs instantly, that’s making a memory.
- Vygotsky's main work was in developmental psychology, and he proposed a theory of the development of "higher psychological functions" that saw human psychological development as emerging through interpersonal connections and actions with the social environment.
- Meyer Friedman (July 13, 1910–April 27, 2001) was an American cardiologist who developed, with colleague R.H. Rosenman, the theory that the "Type A" behavior of chronically angry and impatient people raises their risk of heart attacks.
- Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy that can help you manage your problems by changing the way you think and behave.
- It's most commonly used to treat anxiety and depression, but can be useful for other mental and physical health problems.
- Semantic memory refers to general world knowledge that we have accumulated throughout our lives.
- The aim of minimisation is to minimise the imbalance between the number of patients in each treatment group over a number of factors.
- catecholamines: hormones made by the adrenal glands; part of the fight-or-flight response
- endorphins: Stress and pain are the two most common factors leading to the release of endorphins-
- corticosteriods: used to provide relief for inflamed areas of the body; lessen swelling, redness, itching, and allergic reactions.
- epinephrine: Strong emotions such as fear or anger cause epinephrine to be released into the bloodstream, which causes an increase in heart rate, muscle strength, blood pressure, and sugar metabolism
- Albert Bandura: social learning theory
- Erik Erikson: stages of psychosocial development